Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of microscopic fungi with a various biological effect: mutagenic, carcinogenic, teratogenic, estrogenic, hemorrhagic, neurotoxic, cytotoxic, nephrotoxic and hepatotoxic.
Regarding its various toxic effect, heat resistance, and fluctuating presence of these natural mycotoxins, they represent a great risk to health of people and animals.
Most significant mycotoxins are aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2, M1, ochratoxin A, patulin, fumonisin B1, B2, B3, citrinin, deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone, sterigmatocystine and T-2 toxin.
The volume of mycotoxins is determined by modern instrumental methods UPLC/FLR/PDA a HPLC/MS/MS.
The analyses are performed in Sladařský ústav Brno (Malting Institute Brno).